ASCHAFFENBURG, GUSTAV (1866–1944), criminologist and psychiatrist. In 1899 he converted to Protestantism. Aschaffenburg was born in Zweibruecken, Germany. After an internship in psychiatry under Krafft-Ebing and Mynert in Vienna and under Ball, Charcot, and Pierre Marie in Paris, he became assistant to Kraepelin in Heidelberg, who encouraged him to follow his interests in criminology. In 1904 Aschaffenburg started teaching psychiatry at the Academy of Medicine in Cologne. When the University of Cologne was reestablished in 1919 after World War I he was appointed professor and director of the university's psychiatric clinic. Aschaffenburg, early in his career, turned his attention to the care of prisoners and endeavored to discover the causes of crime and methods of treatment. In Das Verbrechen und seine Bekaempfung (1903; 3rd ed. 1923), he described socio-environmental as well as physical, psychological, and the psychiatric factors in crime. He suggested progressive methods of treatment for offenders and stressed, in particular, society's duty to develop preventive measures, making him one of the founders of modern forensic psychiatry in Germany. In 1904 Aschaffenburg founded the Monatsschrift fuer Kriminalpsychologie und Strafrechtsreform, which he edited and wrote for until 1935. He also edited Handbuch der Psychiatrie. When the Nazi regime came to power, Aschaffenburg was dismissed from his many posts, and in 1939 immigrated to the U.S., where he became a professor at the Catholic University in Washington and subsequently Johns Hopkins in Baltimore. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. von Hentig, in: H. Mannheim (ed.), Pioneers in Criminology (1960), 327–34. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Biographisches Handbuch der deutschsprachigen Emigration, 2 (1983), 35–36. (Zvi Hermon / Marcus Pyka (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gustav Aschaffenburg — (um 1910) Gustav Aschaffenburg (* 23. Mai 1866 in Zweibrücken; † 2. September 1944 in Baltimore) war ein deutscher Psychiater. Er gilt als einer der Pioniere der Forensischen Psychiatrie und Kriminologie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustav Aschaffenburg — (May 23, 1866 – September 2, 1944) was a German psychiatrist who was a native of Zweibrücken. In 1890 he received his medical doctorate from the University of Strasbourg, and later was an assistant to Emil Kraepelin at the psychiatric university… …   Wikipedia

  • Gustav Trockenbrodt — (* 10. November 1869 in Aschaffenburg; † 27. April 1904 in Rosenheim) war ein deutscher Jurist, Schriftsteller und Heimatdichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aschaffenburg — Aschaffenburg, 1) sonst Vicedom od. Oberamt des Obererzstiftes vom Kurfürstenthum Mainz, 18 QM. groß; 2) daraus mit Hinzuziehung der Mainzischen Ämter Aufenau, Lohr, Prozelten, Klingenberg, Orb u. des Würzburgischen Amtes Aura, 802 entstandenes… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aschaffenburg — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kronberg-Gymnasium-Aschaffenburg — Außenansicht des Neubaus des Kronberg Gymnasiums Aschaffenburg Schultyp Gymnasium Gründung 1620 Ort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St. Agatha (Aschaffenburg) — St. Agatha Aschaffenburg 2011 Kirchenschiff mit Altar St. Agatha ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kronberg-Gymnasium Aschaffenburg — Außenansicht des Neubaus des Kronberg Gymnasiums Aschaffenburg Schulform Gymnasium Gründung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Persönlichkeiten der Stadt Aschaffenburg — In dieser Liste werden die Persönlichkeiten mit Bezug zur Stadt Aschaffenburg aufgeführt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Söhne und Töchter der Stadt 1.1 Bis 1899 1.2 1900 bis 1959 1.3 Ab 1960 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Ehrenbürger von Aschaffenburg — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ehrenbürgerschaft 1.1 Rechtsgrundlage 1.2 Widerruf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.